What is chickenpox and what are its symptoms?
Chickenpox is a highly contagious viral infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It is characterized
by a red rash that appears in three phases. The first phase consists of raised pink or red bumps, followed by
fluid-filled blister bumps. Finally, crusts and scabs form over the broken blisters. Other symptoms may include fever,
loss of appetite, headache, tiredness, and a general feeling of being unwell.Chickenpox is usually transmitted through
contact with an infected person. It is important to note that chickenpox can lead to complications such as bacterial
infections, dehydration, pneumonia, inflammation of the brain, toxic shock syndrome, Reye's syndrome (for people who take aspirin during chickenpox),
and birth defects when pregnant women are infected.The diagnosis of chickenpox involves a physical examination of the characteristic rash or blisters.
In rare cases, laboratory tests might be ordered. Treatment options for chickenpox are primarily focused on managing the symptoms.
Medications such as acetaminophen (to reduce fever), acyclovir (to control viral replication), and diphenhydramine (to reduce itching) may be prescribed.
To prevent chickenpox infection, vaccination is recommended. The vaccine provides protection against the virus